If you follow me on Instagram you may have seen that Chris and I build a little floating deck back in June. In case you’re thinking of building your own floating deck I’ve put together all the details on how we did it in one weekend. I hope you find this helpful and don’t forget to show me pics of your finished deck!

Make sure before you build your deck you check with your local municipality. You may be required to use different measurements than what we’ve used (space between joists for example) or you may be required to get a permit.

 

Materials

12 Concrete Deck Blocks

4 – 10′ 2 x 6 Brown Pressure Treated Wood (for beams)

10 – 14′ 2 x 6 Brown Pressure Treated Wood (for joists)

1 – 8′ 4×4 (for posts)

1 roll of Landscape Fabric

1 box of Landscape Staples

12 Hurricane Ties & Screws

Joist Hangers

1 Small Pail 3″ Galvonized Nails

Hidden Flange Joist HangersScrews

26 – 12″ Deck Boards

1 – 14″ Deck Board (for border)

1 Box Deck Screws

Our floating deck is 10’ x 12’ so the materials and measurements listed are for that size. Obviously these instructions can be adjusted if you want to build a deck that’s a different size. For a primer on the different parts of a deck check out this guide from decksgo.com

 

Figure out your footing placement

Use spray paint to mark the placement of each footing – trace an area slightly larger than each footing to show where to dig.

 

floating_deck_spray_paint

 

Our footings were placed equally within our 10′ x 12′ rectangle and we allowed for a 12″ overhang along the edge where our rim joist would be installed.

For each footing dig down about 3-4 inches keeping the sides of your hole as straight as possible. Depending on the how rolly-polly your backyard is you may have to dig some a bit deeper to keep the deck low to the ground.

 

floating_deck_digging

 

Once you’ve dug your holes fill the bottom with a small  amount of pea gravel and compress with a tamper (or by dropping one of the deck blocks a couple of times).

 

floating_deck_level_block

 

Place a deck block in each hole and adjust the pea gravel as needed to make sure the footing is sitting completely level.

 

Cut your posts to make everything level

floating_deck_corner

 

Once all your footings are in place (and level) it’s time to add your beams. Pick one corner as your starting point and decide how high you want the top of your deck to be.

For us, we chose the southeast corner which is our highest point. In this corner our deck block was positioned so that the 2×6 beam could sit right in the footing almost at ground level.

 

floating_deck_level_beam

 

Working from your selected corner cut 4×4 posts to sit in the footings and hold the beams level.

 

floating_deck_level beams

 

Make sure ALL the posts are level with each other (across the width and length of the deck).

 

Weed Control

floating_deck_weed_sheet

 

This is totally optional but if you have a lot of grass still under your deck you might want to put down a layer of landscape material. This will prevent weeds from growing up through your deck. We used landscape staples and leftover gravel to help hold the cloth in place.

 

Install beams on top of posts

floating_deck_ties

 

Once all the posts are cut and in place it’s time to install the beams. The beams rest on top of the post and are attached with hurricane ties and special screws.

 

Use joist hangers to keep the deck at ground level

Mark the placement of all of your joists – in our area we need 16″ between. To make installing your joist hangers a bit easier cut a small scrap of 2×6 and use it to figure out the placement of your hangers. Make sure all your joists will be flush with your beams.

Use a mitre saw to cut all your joists and install into the hangers. Your joists will not all be the same length so go one at a time and measure carefully!

 

floating_deck_joists

 

I find that cutting and installing the joists is the most time consuming part of the whole deck building process. It’s great if you can split that tasks with a partners. Chris and I try to get into a rhythm where I measure and make the cuts and he installs.

Because we built our deck close to our fence we didn’t have a lot of space to install on of our rim joists along the end of the beams. Instead we had to use special joist hangers called Concealed-Flange Joist Hangers. This might not be necessary for you depending on where you are installing your deck. If it’s going to be open on both sides you can install 2 rim joists.  

 

floating_deck_rim_joist

 

The rim joist(s) are the last pieces for you to install on the frame which you attach to the end of the beams using deck screws. We recommend pre-drilling holes for these to prevent any splits. Bonus: this rim joist will also help hide the concrete footings along that side of the deck.

At this point the framing for your deck is done (high five!) and from here on out things should go pretty quickly.

 

Finish everything up with deck boards

floating_deck_boards

 

Starting at one end of your deck, figure out the placement of your first deck board. It should run in the same direction as your beams so you can attach it (using deck screws) into the joists. Double check the board is straight before you install it! Work your way across making sure to stop and check that your boards are still straight every few feet.  Make adjustments as you go if needed.

Remember our deck building tips? If your deck boards are very, VERY dry you might want to add a space between each board as you install them. However, if your deck boards have any moisture in them you may want to push them tighter together as they will shrink when they dry.

 

floating_deck_trim

 

Once all your deck boards are installed use a circular saw to trim the ends in line with your rim joist. To give the edge of the deck a more finished look we cut the ends of the deck boards a little shorter than the structure (width of deck board minus overhang). We then created a border using a deck board and mitred the corners.

 

floating_deck_almost done

 

Enjoy!

floating_deck_finished

Sit back, relax and enjoy your new floating deck!

How to build a foating deck

 

This post contains affiliate links, you can find my full disclosure statement here.

2 Comments on How to Build a Floating Deck

  1. the cape on the corner
    August 8, 2016 at 2:31 pm (9 months ago)

    i love this! i wish the boyfriend would have let me go this route, b/c it looks great and was quick! enjoy your new space!
    b

    Reply
    • Casey
      August 8, 2016 at 5:06 pm (9 months ago)

      Thanks so much! It is a super quick build and it’s nice that it’s not a permanent structure 🙂

      Reply

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